当你开始你的终生旅程，学习如何飞行, 你马上面临一个决定. 你应该根据14 CFR第61部分或第141部分规则进行培训吗? These codes refer to chapters of the FAA regulations which govern how flight education can proceed.
从历史上看，第61部分最先出现. 它涉及联邦航空局一般规定如何培训飞行员. Years later, a couple flight schools banded together and lobbied the FAA for reform. The challenge that the flight schools offered was to see if they could reduce the number of hours required to train a pilot. 1978年，美国联邦航空局发布了第141部分. 就其本质而言，是 联邦航空局授予学校 the ability to train in fewer minimum hours with the caveat being that the FAA needed to be more intimately involved with their training process. 操作上, 这要求飞行学校使用faa批准的教学大纲, 保持学生和教师的详细记录, 并公开他们学生的成功率.
高尔文飞行提供全方位的 部分141门课程 以满足多样化的学生群体的需要. 飞行学校, part 141 credentials need to be renewed every two years and the process by which a flight school earns and retains their part 141 certification is a rigorous one. Ongoing quality monitoring is required with that credential renewal cycle. 维护凭证, a flight school is required to demonstrate that 80% of their students can pass a check ride on their first attempt. 警告是，至少有10名学生通过考试. 2019-2020年期间, 加尔文飞行 successfully met this challenge with a graduation pass rate of 100%. 这比之前两年周期的95%有所增加.
The part 141 benefits for private pilots, start with reducing the minimum hours from 40 to 35. Because the national average is 65 hours to complete the private certificate, it is unlikely that the 5 hours will make a difference in net cost. 然而, the part 141 program does allow students to enroll in flight training as part of a collegiate programs. So, 适合有事业心的年轻人, they can leverage a part 141 program as a broader education plan towards their bachelor’s degrees. 这 will ultimately allow them to achieve their airline transport pilot requirements with 500 fewer hours and possibly shave years from the low-income parts of their careers.
国际学生和退伍军人也受益颇多. There is a high volume of individuals who come to the United States for their flight training. The US immigration policies allow for a visa to be issued to them to conduct this training. 然而, the visa is tied to a formalized program certificated under part 141. 为实现这一目标, part 141 is really the only pathway for international students to conduct their training. Veterans are often able to use their Montgomery GI bill funds to further their education. The government will only allow them to do so in the structure of a part 141 environment. 因此, enrollment in part 141 is beneficial unless they are willing to pay out-of-pocket for the training.
One notable feature of part 141 training is that the ground portion and the flight portion are treated separately, 然而，某些因素是在恰当的环境下加入进来的. Part 141 ground training provides students with excellent structure towards learning basic concepts. It gives the student a starting point for their studying verses part 61 ground where the student must determine how to sift through different volumes of knowledge which may become very confusing. The 141-ground training provides a clear path through the material and makes it easy to get through the written exam. 这, 在自己, can bolster your progress with the flight portion and is an excellent tool for part 61 students. Conducting flight training via part 61 does not preclude one from taking advantage of this perk. 地面部分需要进行141次十大网赌网站大全. 由同一所飞行学校指挥, 在地面和飞行部分之间可能会有重叠, provided that the ground portion stays ahead of the pace of the flight portion. 然而, when the ground portion is completed through an online course or at a different flight school, 必须在飞行部分开始前完成. 在两种情况下, 供141名飞行学生使用, the fact that the ground portion is either completed prior to undertaking the flight syllabus or prior to the current lesson assures the student is better prepared for an accelerated training schedule. In turn, this leads to a reduction in flight hours and cost of their training.
Training towards the instrument rating and commercial tickets have different opportunities under part 141 rules. 仪器评定的总培训时数为, 比如私人飞行员证书, 从40小时减少到35小时. 然而, in doing so, the 50 cross-country hour requirement is waived. So, 参加第141部分的课程, 学生消除了一个非常昂贵的时间构建任务. 此外, the instrument training is highly procedural and applying strict adherence to an approved syllabus makes it easier for an instructor to guide a student through their training. The elimination of the cross-country requirement also propagates through to the commercial certificate by allowing a student to complete it at 190 hours, 而不是第61部分规定的250小时.
While the notion of training under part 141 can seem daunting to students and, 有时, 教练, there are noticeably clear benefits which need to be reviewed between the instructor and the student. Part 141 training is not for everyone; however, many students can derive significant cost-savings benefits depending on their goal. It is the responsibility of the flight instructor to help qualify the student to ensure that they get the optimal pathway to achieve their goals. 这 is often a function of the student’s background, ambitions, and personality. It is easy to switch a student out of a part 141 program; however, it is much harder to switch them into it should they choose to start part 61. So, while it may seem to be an unclear decision to make from the beginning, 这是一个需要深思熟虑的重要问题. 然而，一旦这个问题解决了，你就可以飞上天空了!